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- 1 ☽ April 1st, YTMP - Professional Conversationalist
- 2 ☽ May 9th, YDAU - Orin calls Hal
- 3 ☽ April 1st, YDAU - HAPPY ANNIVERSARY!
- 4 YTSDB - Wardine & Roy Tony
- 5 ☽ YDAU - Mario and Hal talk before sleep
- 6 HAPPY ANNIVERSARY! cont.
- 7 October, YDAU - Orin in Phoenix, AZ
- 8 ☽ YDAU - Hal getting covertly high
- 9 HAPPY ANNIVERSARY! cont.
- 10 Mario's designated function around ETA
- 11 Autumn, YDPAH - Gately's crime
- 12 November 3rd, YDAU - Troeltsch's illness
- 13 Nightmares
☽ April 1st, YTMP - Professional Conversationalist
tooth decay, leading to a cavity (always used in plural form)
"...a regular verb, transitive..."
In English, regular verbs end in -ed (or -d, for infinitives that end in -e) in the past simple or the past participle. An irregular verb does not follow this rule. For example, "implore," a regular verb, is "implored" in the past simple tense. "Fall," an irregular verb, becomes "fell" in the past simple tense.
A transitive verb is able to take a direct object. For example, "I implore you." Intransitive verbs generally necessitate a preposition: "I look at you."
ranking of players in North America, see, e.g., O.N.A.N.C.A.A.
The act of asking earnestly; begging; making an entreaty.
The abbreviation for "Oxford English Dictionary."
Webster's Dictionary, 7th edition.
Highly skilled; perfect.
The Byzantine Empire was the continuation of the Roman Empire in the Middle Ages. A cursory google search for "Byzantine Erotica" reveals not very much at all. The topic is either as esoteric as it seems or a DFW invention.
derogatory, disparaging (Hal indicating that the phrase "my reputation preceded me" is generally used in a pejorative sense)
Referring to the reign of the Byzantine emperor Alexander who ruled from 879-913 c.e.
Presumably referring to the reign of Constantine "the Great", Byzantine emperor from 306–337 c.e.
A crisis occurring within a province.
Referring to aforementioned Byzantine Erotica. Mosaics are detailed pictures created with very small pieces of stone.
A distasteful or morally wrong secret sexual relationship.
The professional conversationalist is saying that Luria P----- is both an amanuensis--a secretary who takes dictation--and a secret agent.
A child who is exceptionally talented with words.
Marked by unusual, cutting-edge artistic ideas.
A German news-weekly magazine, known for investigative journalism; literally, The Mirror.
a species of edible fungus. See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Auricularia_auricula-judae
A photo-journalist from Ottawa who seeks out impromptu unauthorized shots of the rich and famous.
a metal-tipped staff used by mountaineers
Originating from Bavaria.
"...ill-swallowed cocktail onion..."
The editor choked on a cocktail onion.
Admit as possible.
a meeting between lovers; tryst
Here, a medical attache is a specialist who assists a wealthy or powerful person's personal physician.
"...stereochemically not dissimilar..."
similar, based on the spatial arrangement of atoms
Jivaro Indians are native to eastern Ecuador and Peru. They are associated with shrunken heads.
An area of Los Angeles known for extreme crime and violence.
A natural depression in the earth. Used often in geological and anthropological contexts.
priapistic: Persistent, usually painful erection of the penis, especially as a consequence of disease and not related to sexual arousal.
The "fourth wall" is a term used in theater to describe the imaginary wall that separates the stage from the audience. The "fifth wall" could be an extrapolation of this concept, meaning a wall separating an actor from a critic or separating two people sharing the same experience.
likely refers to someone who plays a jew's-harp as evidenced by references to theory of oral lyres on page 30, and as it is a musical instrument similar to a lyre, but played orally.
Adjective meaning either relating to the surgical restoration of a lost or absent part or relating to or characterized by cells that have become less differentiated/primitive.
Neologism probably referring to the removal of the penis
Avril Incandenza's maiden name is revealed to be Mondragon. Also refers to Mondragón, the Spanish name for the Basque town of Arrasate, best known as the home of the Mondragón Cooperative Corporation the world's largest worker cooperative. Note the similarity of the Basque Country and Quebec as presented in IJ.
☽ May 9th, YDAU - Orin calls Hal
"I want to tell you...My head is filled with things to say."
These are the first lines of the Beatles song "I Want to Tell You," written by George Harrison (1943-2001).
"I don't mind...I could wait forever."
more lyrics from "I Want to Tell You," though not the very next ones
Another German name, most famously the nom de guerre of the future mayor of West Berlin and Kanzler of Germany, Willy Brandt, born Herbert Ernst Karl Frahm (1913-1922).
☽ April 1st, YDAU - HAPPY ANNIVERSARY!
Of Saudi Arabia.
Diplomats are granted freedom from prosecution under a host country's laws.
a diplomatic office lower than an embassy
Worships idols instead a God.
I.e., the Statue of Liberty, though calling it this implies sexual promiscuity, even if she is wearing a diaper
A French-speaking city in the Canadian province of Quebec.
suitable or well adapted
Rub' al Khali
Arabic for Empty Quarter, another name for the Arabian Desert.
A stage of specialized medical training in a hospital after graduation from medical school.
A group of advisers accompanying an important person; an entourage.
Abbreviation for "ear-nose-throat."
A Swiss-made chocolate bar.
In the 1990 essay "E Unibus Pluram: Television and U.S. Fiction", DFW uses Toblerone to point out that treats are acceptable in small amounts but harmful if consumed in large amounts. "One can only guess at what volume of gin or poundage of Toblerone six hours of Special Treat a day would convert to." (" E Unibus Pluram: Television and U.S. Fiction." A Supposedly Fun Thing I'll Never Do Again. (1997): 37.)
pertaining to or affecting the jaws and face
the Latin name for a fungus that causes, among other disorders, thrush
Referring to Candida albacans, one of the microorganisms that lives in the human mouth and intestines.
Inflammation of the nasal sinus caused by fungus of the genus Monila.
A fungal infection caused by (here) Candida albicans. Sort of a yeast infection of the mouth.
Michael Ellis DeBakey (1908-2008) is a world-famous heart surgeon.
Latin: according to the value
Correctly used here. This word means "tending to cause nausea." If one has nausea, they are "nauseated."
a suburb about 19 miles east-northeast of Phoenix
a mystic strain of Islam
Pir Vilayat Inayat Khan (1916-2004) was a British-born Sufi.
Arabic for marijuana in leaf form, as opposed to hashish
An Arabic term akin to the Jewish kosher, this means that food has been prepared in accordance with Islamic law.
Back Bay Hilton
This is a real hotel, with a Web site here.
an anti-fungal drug
A styptic is a chemical that stops bleeding. The word has very many spellings. This spelling is not in the top ten in the OED. Styptic is much more common.
make widely known
a small pointed beard.
molecularly similar to silk
repetitive in simple terms, but used in many more detailed ways in mathematics, logic, linguistics, and computer science, all fields in which DFW was very well-versed indeed. The OED and other sources will inform.
showing regret for having done wrong
a term for death of bodily tissue
a three-part art display
Organization of North American Nations Medical Assocation
antibiotics derived from Gram-positive bacteria called actinobacteria, which bacteria are among the oldest and smallest free living organisms.
CBC is the Canadian Broadcasting Company. PATHÉ is probably the French entertainment company Pathé Frères (Pathé Brothers).
Arabic for "people". Referring to a fictional Arabic version of "People Magazine"
YTSDB - Wardine & Roy Tony
a type of rope jumping where two ropes are used
presumably high-rise, low-income housing in Brighton
a brand of margarine
A wraith is a type of ghost.
a boy who has a wet dream
full of twists and turns
☽ YDAU - Mario and Hal talk before sleep
The title of an opera by Italian composer Giacomo Antonio Domenico Michele Secondo Maria Puccini (1858-1924), which premiered in 1900.
suffering from an irrational fear of going outside
This is "a strong grating, as of iron, made to slide along vertical grooves at the sides of a gateway of a fortified place and let down to prevent passage" (Random House Unabridged Dictionary).
2010h. on 1 April
The medical attaché has been watching for forty-three minutes.
HAPPY ANNIVERSARY! cont.
October, YDAU - Orin in Phoenix, AZ
a real perfume
Ambush: To attack from a concealed position. Orin's fear of commitment, fear that the "subject" is trying to entrap him i.e marriage.
Home with the team
It's already been mentioned that Orin plays professional football. He must play for the Arizona Cardinals.
Blattaria is the order that contains the several genus and species of cockroaches. The Latin phrase really means "implacable cockroach."
A state of fidgetiness, uneasiness, or unreasonableness; nervous depression or apprehension; "the fidgets;" "the creeps;" "the willies." See online dictionary here
an eastern suburb of New Orleans
Mrs. Avril M. T. Incandenza
Hal's mother is named for the first time.
Remove "-ish" and you have the English word for tefillin. More directly: phylactery, either of two small square leather boxes containing slips inscribed with scriptural passages and traditionally worn on the left arm and on the head by observant Jewish men and especially adherents of Orthodox Judaism during morning weekday prayers (from Webster's)
sanction or approval
According to Wikipedia, this is "a nuclear medicine medical imaging technique that produces a three-dimensional image or map of functional processes in the body."
the sub-atomic particles that are the opposite in charge to but identical in mass of electrons
Friedrich Christian Anton "Fritz" Lang (1890-1976) was a Viennese-born Austrian-American director. His science fiction film Metropolis (1927) presents a dystopian future where people are oppressed by technology.
This is a Jewish-interest magazine.
Pandora's box of worms
a mixed metaphor of "Pandora's box" and "can of worms," neither of which can be shut again once they're opened
the wrong way, that is to say in a direction opposite to that of the growth of the hairs
☽ YDAU - Hal getting covertly high
a small marijuana pipe that will provide one "hit" of marijuana per packing
A town in Kansas about 55 miles north-northwest of Wichita
the digestive organ of a bird
Cockney rhyming slang for "dope"
modern-day architecture that approximates that of the Georgian period, from 1714 (accession of George I of the U.K.) to 1830 (death of George III)
Page 51 (cont'd)
Another neologism, presumably meaning having characteristics of both a sphere and cube -- a three-dimensional "squircle".
A homonym of Lethe, the name of the river in Greek mythology whose water, if drunk, will erase one's memory. In keeping with the optics theme, Emmett Leith was an inventor in the field of holography. Walt Disney, of course, was a well known film producer and director.
Dr. James O. Incandenza
Hal's father's full name is given for the first time.
pargetingA form of plasterwork shown to the right, usually accomplished by the application of mortar or plaster over an external brick wall.
This substance does not actually exist. An educated guess is that it is a type of polyurethane that comes from trees, dendri being Greek for "tree."
almost twenty-two yards
having no windows
a little over 6.5 ft
In Irish mythology, the banshee is female spirit, who acts as an omen of death. They are known for "keening," i.e., shrieking.
a plate or ring to form a rim at the end of a pipe when fastened to the pipe
after the latency period that Freud posited in his four-stage theory of psychosexual development in children
Page 53 (cont'd)
mushrooms or X
psilocybin mushrooms or MDMA (called ecstasy)
Page 53 (cont'd)
members of a management body of a university, each managing his/her specific area
a brand of chewing tobacco
to shrink back in fear
HAPPY ANNIVERSARY! cont.
The medical attaché has now been watching for four hours and fifty-three minutes.
Mario's designated function around ETA
having to do with motion pictures
Autumn, YDPAH - Gately's crime
enthusiastic vigor or liveliness
a jail, obviously -- probably the jail for Revere, Mass., just north of Boston
Page 55 (cont'd)
a maxim or saying
The Boston Globe. The main daily newspaper of Boston, MA.
A town in Essex County, Mass., home to a yachting resort. It's about 15 miles northeast of the city on the water.
International Affairs and Interdependent Affairs
The first magazine is real; the second is not.
a piece of furniture, one of which you can see here
the mountainous region in the westernmost portion of Massachusetts, a popular vacation spot
sounding as if the nose were pinched due to enlarged lymphatic tissue in the throat behind the uvula
watery and unhealthy
losses of syllables from words, particularly of end-syllables containing unstressed vowels, e.g., the process that renders "information" into "info."
M. Café-brand Automatic Café-au-Lait maker
half coffee and half milk in a large cup, as drunk in France. M. Café as in 'Mr. Coffee".
so tight as to cause gangrene, i.e., death of tissue caused by toxic bacteria that can only grow in tissue deprived of blood flow, typically C. perfringens.
The British took over Quebec on September 8, 1760.
passerine birds native to North America, genus Quiscula
pertaining to the ribs or the muscles around them
Montreal Tulip Fest
The Canadian Tulip Festival actually takes place in Ottawa, Ontario, and Gatineau, Quebec, which border each other.
A man by this name was one of the first French Calvinist settlers on the island of St. Kitts in the 17th century.
250 clicks due east
Clicks are kilometers. Two hundred fifty km is about 155 miles.
the change of color in skin brought on by livor mortis, an after-death phenomenon when blood settles in the body at low points of gravity. Amplification: the substantive of the adjective livid, a curious word that can mean dusky grayish purple (in medical connoctations) or ashy pale (in the context of anger)
French: As is necessary
I don't know what the numbers mean, but the first is half of the second. [He might be riffing on the powers of two expressed in base ten notation, but instead of 256 (2^8), he has started with 233, a prime number. At the time the book was written, such numbers were commonly encountered in the names of computer hardware, the context here.]
reduced instruction set computer, i.e., a computer that takes a limited set of commands
Footnote 95 (to p. 284) reads "Pink being Microsoft Inc.'s first post-Windows DOS, quickly upgraded to Pink2 when InterLace took everything 100 % interactive and digital; by Y.D.A.U. it's kind of a dinosaur, but it's still the only DOS that'll run a MathpakVEndStat tree without having to stop and recompile every few seconds."
a direct broadcast satellite network active in the 1990s
digital satellite system
smooth and not pixelated
a unit equal to bits per second; a baud rate is the number of bits per second a modem can send/receive
French for "fashion"
very small processors -- smaller than microprocessors
Here misspelled, chromatography is "any of various techniques for the separation of complex mixtures that rely on the differential affinities of substances for a gas or liquid mobile medium and for a stationary adsorbing medium through which they pass, such as paper, gelatin, or magnesia" (American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language).
nerve pain in the hand, usually resulting from compression of the median nerve in the so-called carpal tunnel
OED, phosphene: n, subjective sensation of light produced by mechanical stimulation of the retina (as by pressure on the eyeball) or by electrical stimulation of various parts of the visual pathway [as from a migraine, -ed]
excessive fat in the buttocks; steatopygia [if you like steatopygia, callipygian might interest you]
November 3rd, YDAU - Troeltsch's illness
The most famous person with this surname is Ernst Troeltsch (1865-1923), a German Protestant theologian and philosopher of religion and history.
A wealthy, 1 square-mile borough west of Philadelphia and part of the larger "Main Line" suburban area running from Philadelphia to Malvern.
a natural bodily opening, typically leading to the interior of the body, urinary and external auditory being the two most commonly mentioned meati/meatuses
over the counter
drugs that induce phlegm-producing coughing
a combination of mega + span + capsule, these would be large, time-released capsules
drugs that dry up phlegm
Page 60 (cont'd)
If the name is pronounced with a "long a," as in the Oakland football team, a famous person with this last name was Erich Johann Albert Raeder (1876-1960), a World War II-era German grand admiral, sentenced to life at Nuremberg but served only nine years.
something that turns a liquid into a spray
According to Wikipedia, a fugue state is "a state of mind characterized by abandonment of personal identity, along with the memories, personality and other identifying characteristics of individuality."
of speech, writing, vocal music, extended to a great, unneedy length
Wallace's plural for rhinovirus, one of dozens of variations of the virus that causes the common cold, also rhinoviruses
An absorptive/secretive tissue layer in the body; here, in Troeltsch's throat or nose
as an adjective, having a dull or lusterless finish
mouldings that cover joints
Snuff is grayish to yellowish brown in color; snuff-white must be that color, but lighter.
narrow, flat moldings
continuously variable electronic resistors
part of the leg between the knee and ankle